Racquetball Rules: How to Get Into This Fun Sport

Racquetball Rules: How to Get Into This Fun Sport

​Image source: unsplash

​Racquetball is not the easiest sport to master. At first glance, it can appear intimidating. The sport requires endurance and an understanding of the geometry and speed of the game. However, for those who play it, racquetball is a rewarding sport that can be enjoyed for decades. All it takes is some time and effort dedicated to learning the game and following racquetball rules.

A Brief History of Racquetball

This sport was created by an American tennis and squash enthusiast named Joe Sobek. His desire was to invent a game that was easy to learn while, at the same time, including elements of paddleball, handball, and squash. Racquetball was invented in 1950, and it was originally called paddle rackets. ​The sport originally made use of the YMCA and Jewish Community Center handball courts, and as a result, it was able to grow rapidly across America. The International Racquetball Association was created in 1969 and shortly thereafter was recognized by the U.S. Olympic Committee.

What Do the Lines on a Racquetball Court Mean?

These lines help dictate the service area and where the ball should go following a serve. The area between the two solid parallel lines is called the service zone. The server must stand between these two lines to serve. The ball must hit the front wall and fly beyond the service zone to be in play.

What Are the Racquetball Rules?

​The racquetball rules may seem confusing at first, but as you learn more about the sport, you’ll fully understand them. Often, the best way to do this is by playing against someone with more experience who can help you learn as you develop your skills. Remember to be patient with yourself.

​​Racquetball can be played as singles or doubles. If you’d like to have a more informal game, three people can play racquetball as two competing against one. The racquetball rules are essentially the same for both singles and doubles. However, the configuration of two competing against one is typically only done in informal settings.

The racquetball rules have established the size of the courts and the equipment used. An official racquetball court is 20 feet high and wide and 40 feet in length. The ball must be 2.25 inches in diameter and made of hard, bouncing rubber. Racquets should be no longer than 22 inches.

The Serve

​The serve is one of the most important aspects of racquetball because you can only earn points when you serve. In order to determine who will serve first, a rally is held where players alternate taking shots at the front wall and returning it before it bounces on the floor more than once. According to the racquetball rules, whoever wins the rally will get to serve.

During the serve, the ball must hit the front wall before it hits anything else and go over the service zone. It should not hit the back wall before hitting the floor. It cannot hit the ceiling. However, it is okay for it to hit one side wall.

If the serve does not do this, it’s considered a fault, and the server has another chance to get the ball into play. If the server does not get the ball in play on the second try, then the serve goes to his or her opponent. According to the racquetball rules, when serving, the ball should not hit or touch the server at any point during the return.

How Is Racquetball Scored?

Unlike tennis, in racquetball, you can only earn points during your own serve. This is similar to squash and volleyball. According to the racquetball rules, you can lose a point if any of the following happen:

  • ​Any part of your body touches the ball
  • ​You commit a double-hit, which is carrying the ball with the racquet
  • ​The ball hits the floor more than once before you can return it
  • ​The ball does not hit the front wall
  • ​The ball goes out of bounds, which could include the wall opening or a viewing gallery
  • ​If the racquet hand is switched during the point

In order to be declared the winner, the player or team has to win two games. A game is won when 15 points are reached. If there is a tie, a third game is played to 11 points. Unlike tennis, it is not necessary to win a racquetball game by two points, according to the racquetball rules.

Additional Racquetball Rules

The first, and perhaps the most important of the racquetball rules, is that you must wear eye protection when playing. In addition, you should also refuse to play someone who does not wear eye protection. The ball travels very fast and wearing protection is necessary in order to prevent an eye injury that could cause blindness.

When playing racquetball, players rally to see who serves first and alternate for the second game. Except for the serve, the ball can hit any wall or the ceiling if it hits the front wall without bouncing. If a player is either in the way of the ball or is blocking the view of the other player, this is called a “hinder.” It’s considered a “let” and the point will be replayed.

Becoming a Racquetball Player

Man playing racquetball

Image source: pixabay

Racquetball is an enjoyable sport and is a fantastic exercise. However, to the novice, it can be a bit intimidating. First, you must learn the speed, dynamics, and geometry of the game. The best way to learn how to play racquetball is to experience it and gain confidence by playing several games. As your skills improve, you’ll want to challenge other beginners and develop patience and strategy. Eventually, you’ll want to purchase your own racquet and protective equipment. You’ll gain small victories as you continually learn and develop as a player.

However, there’s one important point to consider: You will never get better if you only play other beginners or those who aren’t as good as you. You only truly learn and respect the sport by playing those with more experience. It’s then that you can develop into a better player. Racquetball is a game of strategy, strength, and endurance. You won’t become a world-class player overnight. As long as you realize this, you can enjoy the sport and continually practice your skills.

I play a lot of basketball and racquetball, as they’re both great for your feet and hand eye coordination. Other drills can help as well, such as simply catching a football in distant positions from different heights and velocities.

– Antonio Cromartie

Tips for Improving Your Game

Good habits don’t happen overnight and improving your game takes patience. Do not become discouraged. Play regularly and build up your endurance. Take time to review these useful tips that will help improve your game and your enjoyment of racquetball.

Once you have a good, solid understanding of the racquetball rules, you can create good habits that, over time, will help you improve your game. Following are some useful tips that can help you:

  • ​Remember to warm up before every match
  • ​It’s a good idea to spend 10 minutes hitting a couple of shots and practicing your serve
  • ​Remember to hit passing shots from the center court position as often as possible
  • ​Following through on your forehand is important; remember to do a complete follow-through where your racquet moves from ear to ear
  • ​If you’re new to the game, familiarize yourself with the racquetball rules and do not hesitate to consult an official rulebook if necessary
  • ​Remember that you do not have to run directly at the ball; you should keep to one side at the distance of your reach or your swing circle
  • ​Always take time to ensure you’re using the correct forehand and backhand grip
  • ​When serving, aim for a target on the front wall; this will help you increase consistency and reduce the likelihood of faults
  • ​If you are within five feet of the back wall, go ahead and play a ceiling ball
  • ​Never take your eye off the ball; watch it at all times and watch your opponent hit the ball
  • ​Have your racquet up as early as possible; remember that it should be shoulder height the moment you start heading toward the ball
  • ​When possible, always move to center court position

Conclusion: Following the Racquetball Rules Will Help You Learn the Game

Racquetball has come a long way since its inception in 1950. While you don’t have to be a world-class athlete to enjoy this sport, continual practice will help you develop the skills required to be a winner on the court. All it takes is time and patience. Remember that it’s very important to learn from more seasoned players, as this is the only way you will improve your game. Perhaps you have some friends who would like to learn the game along with you. Encourage and support each other.

In order to play racquetball well, familiarize yourself with the racquetball rules.

​Image source: GIPHY​

​Remember how important it is to have a good, solid serve, and take time to study the geometry of the game. Be aware that blocking your opponent’s view is a “hinder” and means the point must be replayed. It’s important to enjoy racquetball safely: eye protection is required when playing official games, and you should always wear it in informal games as well. Do not play someone who does not wear eye protection. Are you ready to play racquetball? Get out on the court and get started!

A Review of the Tria 4x: Is This Worth Buying?

A Review of the Tria 4x: Is This Worth Buying?

Have you ever considered laser hair removal? On some level, we probably all have. But going to the spa and letting someone else do it for you can be super expensive and time-consuming. Wouldn't it be nice if you could just remove unwanted hair in the comfort of your own home and do it anytime you feel like doing it? You can, with an at-home hair removal laser. We looked at many of these hair removal lasers on the market before we finally decided to feature the Tria 4x in our review.

The Tria 4x is an FDA approved at-home hair removal laser for both men and women, and it is made to remove hair permanently from the face and body. We will also review 3 other hair removal lasers that we chose during our research and see how they compare to the Tria 4x. We will give our final verdict at the end of this article, and we will also try to answer the question," Is the Tria 4x worth buying?"

No products found.

What Is the Tria 4x?

Tria 4x is a hair removal laser device for both men and women. It is FDA approved and proven safe to use on both the face and body. It permanently removes hair by disabling the hair follicles. Once disabled, the hair will fall out and the skin will become smooth. The Tria is not an IPL device so the light emissions are not as intense as those from an IPL device. This is much easier on the eyes. The Tria 4X has an internal battery instead of using a power cord and delivers over 3 times more energy than some other devices.

Product Specs

The Tria 4x offers controlled precision which targets each follicle on a much deeper level. The Tria is safe to use around the eyes unlike some IPL devices. The light bursts are less intense than an IPL, which allows for hair removal even close to the eyes. Most IPL devices have a cord, but the Tria has an internal battery which increases your range and allows you to be more comfortable during the process. The Tria offers 3 times more energy than IPL or other at home devices to ensure each follicle has maximum exposure. Shave, clean, and dry area you wish to treat before using the Tria.


Pricing

Pricing for the Tria 4x and the other at-home laser hair removal devices in this article range from around $$ to around $$$. They can be purchased from Amazon.com.

How Others Compare

touching the legs

Image via Unsplash

We picked a few similar products available on the market to see how they compare to the Tria 4x. We compared them based on differences, similarities, pros and cons, and what customers had to say about them.

  • Remington iLight Ultra
  • LumaRx Full Body IPL Device
  • Braun Gillette Venus Silk-Expert IPL 5001

Tria Beauty Hair Removal Laser 4x

No products found.

Price $$$

EASE OF USE

The Tria Beauty Hair Removal Laser 4x, as with most devices, has a small target area. It takes time to get the results you want to see and you also have to follow the instructions for best results. It is easy to use the Tria, as it has an easy to read LED screen that guides you through each treatment. We gave it a 5 for overall ease of use.

SAFETY

The Tria is FDA approved, and it is safe to use even around the eyes. We gave it a 5-star rating for safety.

DESIGN QUALITY

The Tria is designed to allow for easy targeting of hair follicles, hence its unique shape. It is easy to grip and hold, and it has no cord which allows you to move freely around your house while using it. It has an easy-to-read LED display that guides you through the treatment. We decide on 4.5 stars though because it does not work for every type of hair.

WARRANTY

Rigorously tested, the Tria is covered under a 1-year warranty for material and workmanship. 5 stars.

Pros

  • FDA Approved
  • Rigorously tested for quality issues
  • 3 Times more hair eliminating energy
  • Same Diode Laser Technology as dermatologists

Cons

  • Small treatment head
  • Limited battery capacity

Remington iLight Ultra

The Remington iLight Ultra offers Professional Intense Pulsed Light Technology for longer lasting permanent results. It is FDA cleared and clinically proven for use on face and body. It gives 94% hair reduction in just 3 treatments; no more black dots or prickly spots with the iLight. It includes 2 treatment caps and hair will fall out within 7 to 10 days, leaving a smoother area of skin. Fast, gentle, and easy to use.

No products found.

Price $$

EASE OF USE

The iLight ultra takes time to see results. While it is simple to use, targeting areas of unwanted hair, it does not work as well on darker skin. The cap covers a larger target area, which takes less time to cover all areas. Overall, we gave it a 4.5 for ease of use.

SAFETY

The iLight is FDA cleared and clinically proven safe for body and face. Not for use around the eyes. 5 stars for safety.

DESIGN QUALITY

The iLight has a comfortable hold design, a good size cap for targeting areas of unwanted hair, and it sits securely in its base when not in use. We gave it a 4.5 for overall design quality, partly because it is corded and there are several limitations as to who can use it.

WARRANTY

We gave the 2-year warranty from Remington 5 stars.

Pros

  • Skin tone tester included
  • Best for dark hair colors
  • Fast, comfortable, and effective
  • 24 Joules per flash

Cons

  • Does not work on white or grey hair
  • Less effective on light blond or red hair

LumaRx Full Body IPL Device

The LumaRx delivers light energy spread across a long pulse length; this reaches hair deep at the roots. The LumaRx is for those who want professional-grade IPL hair treatments at home. The LumaRx works best on dark hair and light skin tones because the light energy targets dark coloring in hair Based on clinical testing, the LumaRx offers a 94% reduction in unwanted hair after just three treatments. A year after the clinical test, participants reported 66% fewer hairs after just three treatments. It is good for large or small areas of the body, is FDA cleared, and comes with a Comfort Filter to block harmful UV rays. Good for bikini area, underarms, arms, legs, chest, and face area, except around the eyes.

No products found.

Price $$$

EASE OF USE

LumaRx covers a larger area due to its long pulse length, but it does not work well with dark skin types. If someone has light hair color, they may find it difficult to see results. Overall, we gave the LumaRx 4.5 stars for ease of use.

SAFETY

LumaRx is FDA cleared and they also have a ComfortFilter that blocks harmful UV and Infrared energy. We gave them a 5 for safety.

DESIGN QUALITY

The design quality of the LumaRx is overall very good. The head covers a larger area, especially when you consider the pulse length of the light, and it fits comfortably in the hand. However, we took away a half star because there are limitations to who can use this product.

WARRANTY

The LumaRx only offers a 90-day guarantee for their product. 4 out of 5 stars.

Pros

  • Comfort Filter Technology
  • FDA Cleared
  • Long pulse length
  • 65,000 flashes per cartridge

Cons

  • Less effective with darker skin
  • Doesn't work well for white or gray hair

Braun Gillette Venus Silk-Expert IPL 5001

The Venus Silk by Braun Gillette is inspired by professional salons. The Senso Adapt Skin Tone Sensor always assures the right light intensity for the safest treatment. Each area can be treated in 8 minutes without compromising how effectively it works. 94% of women noticeable results after 3 treatments, and 89% had noticeably visible results after 12 treatments. It is safe for use on body and face and works by targeting the melanin in your hair follicle. The Venus silk works best for light to medium skin and is less effective for very light hair. It works best for large areas of the body like arms and legs.

No products found.

Price $$

EASE OF USE

The Braun Gillette Venus is easy to use and the Senso Adapt works continuously, always giving the right amount of light intensity as you move across your skin. We gave this one a 5 because each area only takes 8 minutes to see optimum results. As with any permanent hair removal tool, there are no immediate results. Results happen over time.

SAFETY

The Braun boasts the safest IPL technology, in part because of its Senso Adapt Technology. It is also clinically tested and safe for use without glasses. We gave it a 5 for safety.

DESIGN QUALITY

The Venus is a bit larger than some other devices we looked at, but the fact it only takes 8 minutes per area was a great feature. We also liked the fact that the sensor reads your skin 80x per second to make sure different tones of your skin do not receive too much or too little light. We gave it a 4.5 for overall design quality partly because it cannot be used by everyone.

WARRANTY

The Venus has a 1-year limited warranty. 5 stars.

Pros

  • 8 minutes per area
  • Senso Adapt Technology
  • Permanent results in as little as 4 treatments
  • 300,000 flashes

Cons

  • Less effective with darker skin
  • Doesn't work well for white or gray hair

Conclus​ion

putting wax on the legs

Image via Pexels

As promised, we have presented four of the best hair remover laser devices on the market. Our featured product, the Tria 4x, we chose because of its cordless design and the fact that it uses the same Diode Laser Technology used by dermatologists. While the other 3 products in our review are corded and can be used continuously without charging, we still preferred the battery-operated power of the 4x because it gave us freedom of movement.

Now, we will try to answer our question, "Is it worth buying?" This is not a simple yes or no answer. The truth is if you have a darker skin tone, or you have red, light blond, or gray hair on your face and body, none of the devices featured here will give you the same results as a light skin tone and dark hair. (At least not as quickly). These devices are best used for light to medium skin and dark brown or black hair. If this describes you, then they are a great way to rid yourself of unwanted hair permanently and not pay salon pricing to do it. It is possible that only you can answer that question for yourself.

Don't get too discouraged though if you fall somewhere outside the recommended categories for best results. Chances are, if you have visited a spa and had this type of hair removal done and it worked for you, these devices could work for you as well. Just check the return policies and read customer reviews, perhaps even contact the manufacturer and see what they suggest.

Overall for our final verdict, we gave the Tria 4x a 4.5 out of 5 stars. We love the design, the cordless freedom, and the results. This one is definitely worth your time and effort to get the permanent results you want, at a price you can afford.


Featured Image via Pexels

How To Play Bunco Like A Pro: The Official Rules

How To Play Bunco Like A Pro: The Official Rules

We want to teach you how to play Bunco, because…well…everyone should know how to play this simple, engaging game. When you're tired of strategy marathons, fed up with super-competitive trivia games, and you just want to play a cool game that allows you to enjoy your friends and family, Bunco is just the ticket. It's a fast-paced, easy-to-learn game for the whole family - or the whole team.

Here at presscave.com, we want to provide you with the very best information to help you get the most out of life. We're sure that you'll enjoy teaching your friends and family how to play Bunco.

What Is Bunco?

Three red dices on black background

Image source: Pixabay

Bunco is a dice game that you can play with as few as two players, but typically includes 12 players divided into three “tables” or groups of four. Players can be any age, as long as they are old (or young) enough to recognize the number of pips on the faces of dice. In short, anyone can learn how to play Bunco. This makes the game a perfect choice for larger family gatherings where both the youngest and oldest family members can easily play along.

Even if you have never learned how to play Bunco, you may be familiar with its name. It had its beginnings in 19th century England where it had a shady reputation as a con game. By the mid-19th century, it was being played as a gambling game in San Francisco, in gambling rooms that were known as “Bunco parlors.”

By the turn of the 20th century, Bunco had evolved into a more respectable parlor game, though it was still also popular as a gambling game in the speakeasies during Prohibition in the 1920s. You may have heard of the raids on speakeasies by police, known as “Bunco squads.”

More recently, Bunco has resurfaced as a popular family game and as an entertaining game to spark interest in fundraisers for various charities. You can purchase a boxed set of dice and scorecards, or you can use your own dice and make your own scoring sheets.

The game is entirely a game of luck; that is, the players don't make any decisions in gameplay. They simply roll the dice and count up points. This makes it a fast-moving, entertaining game that anyone can play and which allows players to converse while they play. And it's easy to cheer or commiserate with other players' good or bad rolls, even if they are on the other team.

People still like to place wagers on the game if it's appropriate for the group that is playing. Sometimes a Bunco game is used as a feature for a fundraising event, where donors pay for a place in a game. Sometimes private parties require an ante to enter the game, and the funds are used to purchase prizes for the winners.

Game Setup

Three black dices

Image source: Pixabay

In a traditional 12-player game, the players are divided up into three groups of four, and each group is called a table. At each table, the players seated across from one another will form a team. Once you learn how to play Bunco, you can create your own variations of teams and tables that best suit your group.

One table should be designated as the Head Table. This is important because play at the Head Table determines when a new round of play begins. One feature that is traditional in Bunco is a bell that a player at the Head Table rings to signal that he or she has scored a “BUNCO.” While it is not strictly necessary to have a bell, it adds a dimension of fun to the play. Some players also like to use the bell at the head table to signal the beginning and the end of each new round of play.

Each table should have three dice and four individual scorecards so players can track their own wins, losses, and BUNCOs, and a tally scorecard to keep track of points scored for each team during play.

One player at each table should be designated as the scorekeeper. The scorekeeper is the one who begins play at that table in each round and who tallies the scores for the two teams at the table.

How to Play Bunco

Gameplay is simple. Each player has a turn to roll three dice. Each player keeps rolling the three dice over and over again as long as he or she keeps getting points. When a player can't add any more points to his or her score, play passes to the player on the left.

The game is played in rounds. A round begins when a player at the Head Table rings the bell and/or announces that the round is beginning. A round ends when a player at the Head Table rolls a BUNCO (three-of-a-kind that matches the round number), calls out BUNCO and rings the bell, or when one of the teams at the Head Table accumulates 21 points.

If a player at a table other than the Head Table is in the middle of a turn when the BUNCO is called, he or she can complete the turn before the round is over.

Scoring

The game is played in a series of “rounds.” Usually, a full game consists of six rounds, but play can go on for much longer, repeating rounds one through six, for as long as the players want to keep playing.

 

The rounds are numbered: one through six. In each round, the object is to roll as many dice as possible that match the number of the round. For example, in Round one, the object is to roll as many “ones” on the dice as possible. In round two, the object is to roll as many “twos” on the dice as possible.

 

Each player rolls the three dice and if any of the dice match the round number, each one that does scores the player one point. If the player scores one or two points on a roll, he or she can pick up the three dice and roll againscoring one point for each dice that matches the round number.

 

The player's turn ends when he or she rolls the dice and none of them match the current Round number.

 

A player can score extra points for any three-of-a-kind roll that doesn't match the round number; for example, if a player rolls three “fours” in round two. This is called a mini-bunco and it ends the player's turn, but scores the player five points for the three-of-a-kind roll.

 

A BUNCO is a roll of three of a kind that matches the round number: three “ones” in round one for example. A BUNCO scores 21 points. Traditionally, the player who rolls a BUNCO must shout out the word “BUNCO” in order to be awarded the points. If the player who rolls a BUNCO is seated at the Head Table, he or she gets to ring the bell as they call out the BUNCO. When a player at the head table scores a BUNCO, this ends the round of play.

A player who rolls a BUNCO while not at the Head Table calls it out and receives the 21 points, then continues to roll the dice—and accumulate points until they get a roll that does not show any dice matching the round number.

Scorecards

Players will want to keep track of their own score, so each player should have a scorecard to record each round of play their team wins, each loss and each BUNCO he or she, individually, rolls over the course of the game.

But each player is also part of a team with the player seated across from them at the game table. And each team also needs to keep its combined score. A Table Scorekeeper should keep a running tally of all the points each team scores in each round. The team that scores the most points in each round is the winning team for that round and each team member can record their win on their individual scorecard.

Likewise, the losing team of each round, at each table, must record their loss on their individual scorecard.

If the two teams are tied at the end of the round, the table must do a "roll-off, where each player has one more chance to roll the dice and accumulate as many points as possible. The team who gets the most points in the roll-off wins the round.

At the end of the game, each player adds up his or her total number of wins, losses, and BUNCOs.

Moving Between Rounds

The most complicated part of learning how to play Bunco is understanding how the players are to move around between rounds of play. These movements are designed to make sure that everyone gets a fair chance of sitting at the Head Table and also to make sure players get to play on a team with as many other players as possible.

Three dice on top of a chess board

Image source: Pixabay

  • In each round, each table will have a winning team and a losing team
  • The winning team at the Head Table will stay at the Head Table for the next round of play 
  • But one of the players from the winning team should move to an adjacent seat so that each player can have a new teammate for the next round of play
  • The losing team from the Head Table moves to Table 2
  • The winning team from Table 2 moves to the Head Table, again sitting next to each other so that each player has a new teammate
  • The winning team from Table 3 moves to Table 2 and sits in seats next to each other so they can have new teammates for the upcoming round
  • The losing team from Table 2 moves to Table 3
  • The losing team at Table 3 stays there, but as at the Head Table, one of the players moves to a new seat so that new teams are formed

Conclusion

Learning how to play Bunco is easy for all ages. Bunco is a simple game of luck, and as such makes the perfect party game. It is easy enough to include all ages, and it is just competitive enough to be fun without causing any family fights. Check back with us here at presscave.com for up-to-the-minute lifestyle information.

The 8 Best Golf Clubs For Men And Women

The 8 Best Golf Clubs For Men And Women

Many of us have fond memories of watching or playing golf with parents and grandparents. Whether we kicked around the golf cart, played a few rounds in the backyard, trying not to break the neighbor’s windows, or actually got to play games, the game of golf is both a great sport and a little bit of childhood wrapped in one.

 

If you’re new to the game as an adult or teen, or just in need of replacing your clubs, finding the right set of clubs can be difficult, unless you already have a favorite brand. We’ve pulled together a list of the best golf clubs for men and women to make the process easier, but we also wanted to share some of the fascinating history behind the wonderful game of golf.

The History of the Game of Golf

The game of golf that we play today, of course, has evolved over the centuries. In the beginning, golf clubs were merely bent sticks or clubs, and the golf ball was simply a pebble or small rock. The actual origin of the game of golf is a bit up for debate, but most people accept that the game started in Scotland during the Middle Ages. The game first took form around Edinburgh, the royal city of Scotland, and quickly grew in popularity.

 

The game particularly became popular with those in the military. The nation’s pursuit of the game actually led to many neglecting their military training. As a result, the parliament in Scotland banned the game in 1457. It wasn’t until 50 years later that golf was permissible again. During that half century, however, many people ignored the ban and continued playing. In 1502, however, King James IV of Scotland became the first golfing king, and thus the ban was lifted.

 

The ruling class loved the game of golf, and through their participation, the game grew more popular with the masses. Unlike many sports, golf was the game for everyone, no matter their socio-economic class, though the varying classes did not play together. It’s believed that the term “caddie” came from Mary, Queen of Scots, who called the students who carried her clubs about “cadets.”

 

Over the next few centuries, the royals not only lifted various bans on the game, such as the Sunday ban, but also created national and international matches, including the first international golf game between Scotland and England. This first international match was held at the premier golf course at Leith, near Edinburgh, in 1682. The Duke of York and George Patterson represented Scotland, and beat the English in the match.

 

There were golf “academies” beginning in the 17th Century, though they were almost exclusively attended by nobility and royalty. The first golf club opened in 1744, which is when it’s said that golf became an official sport. This club kicked off other competitions, specifically annual competitions, that resulted in prizes of silverware. When tourism in Scotland expanded due to railroads and royal praise in the 1850s, golf’s popularity grew. New golf balls that worked better than previous forms helped the expansion, and more golf courses opening only increased popularity for the already thriving game.


Professional tournaments began in 1860 with the first British Open tournament. After that, the other three major tournaments came to life.

  • United States Open in 1895
  • Professional Golfers’ Association of America (PGA) in 1916
  • Master’s Tournament in 1934

The first golf game broadcast on television was out of St. Louis, Missouri, in 1947 when a local station broadcast the game to its local viewers. Six years later, the first national broadcast of a golf game was the 1953 World Championship of Golf, played near Chicago. Interestingly enough, what got that particular game broadcast was the significant purse of $25,000, rather than the game itself.

Golf Terms You Need to Know

  • Stroke – A swing of the golf club intended to hit the golf ball.
  • Par – The number of strokes an accomplished player should take to get the golf ball in the hole.
  • Birdie – A hole played by one stroke under par.
  • Eagle – A hole played by two strokes under par.
  • Scratch Golfer – Someone who normally plays holes of golf on par or better.
  • Ace – Hitting the ball only once to get it into the hole. Also known as a hole-in-one.
  • Golf tee – The small piece of plastic or wood that raises the ball off the ground at the opening stroke of a hole for each golfer.
  • Teeing ground – The place where each golfer starts the hole, with their golf balls on tees.
  • Green – The specially maintained grassy area around the hole. This is where putting takes place.
  • Fairway – The well-maintained area between the tee and the green.
  • Putt – The shot played on the green, using a putter.
  • Back Nine – The last nine holes of a full eighteen-hole golf course.
  • Caddie – The person who carries the golf bag, and offers advice to the golfer. Only caddies and golf partners are allowed to give advice to a golfer during the game.
  • Casual Water – Any temporary water on the golf course. This may come from melting snow, after a rainfall, or any other event when water ends up outside of the established water hazards on the course.
  • Course Rating – The number of strokes per hole assigned to a course, based on how a scratch golfer should be able to play the course.
  • Dimples – The intentional indentations on the golf ball.
  • Dogleg – When a fairway is straight for a bit, but then takes a curve to the left or right.
  • Double Eagle – A hole played by three strokes under par. Also called an Albatross.
  • Fore – Shouted by a golfer after he or she hits a ball that may hit others on the course.
  • Handicap – A number assigned to golfers of higher skill levels to even out the playing for others.
  • Hazard – Any permanent obstacle, like a sand trap, or water trap, that is on the golf course.
  • Bogey – Taking one more stroke than par for a hole.
  • Yips – Thought to be a psychological problem that causes golfers to lose control of their hands and golf club.
  • Whiff – When a golfer completely misses the ball. Also known as an “air ball.”
  • Stance – The position of a golfer’s feet when preparing to take a swing at her golf ball. There are a variety of stances, including a closed stance, open stance, square stance, or a croquet style stance. A golfer may adopt different stances throughout her game.
  • The 19th Hole – This one’s extra critical. It refers to the clubhouse bar.
  • Types of Golf Clubs and How to Use Them

    With a rich history, golf has remained a passionate sport of many people around the world. This passion has demanded improved courses, better instruction, and excellent equipment.

    Best Golf Club Manufacturers

    There are more than 50 well-known golf club manufacturers around. For those who don’t know anything about golf, any of these brands would do. But for anyone who takes golf seriously, a quality club will make the difference between a mediocre game and quality play.


    Some of the best golf clubs manufacturers include:


    • Callaway
    • Nike
    • Cleveland/Sxiron
    • Mizuno
    • TaylorMade
    • Titleist
    • Adams
    • Odyssey
    • Cobra
    • Bridgestone
    • PXG
    • Tour Edge
    • KZG
    • Wilson
    • Honma Beres
    • XXIO
    • Yonex
    • Epon
    • Battinardi
    • Bloodline
    • Ping

    Types of Golf Clubs

    There are a variety of types of golf clubs. Each type is used for a different aspect of the game.

    • Drivers – Used for long-range hitting.
    • Wedges – Designed for getting balls out of hazards, like sand traps and bunkers.
    • Putters – Used for sinking the ball from the green.
    • Irons – Smaller heads and shorter shafts give a different kind of leverage. You will need a few different irons for optimum play capabilities.
    • Fairway Woods – Also used for long-range strokes, but work on the fairway and do not require a tee.

    The Best Golf Clubs

    While it may not seem necessary to some, there are differences between men’s and women’s golf clubs. Typically, a woman’s club is shorter, lighter weight, and has more flexible shafts than a man’s golf club. If a woman is more in the range of the “average” man’s height and strength range, she may wish to consider men’s clubs instead of women’s clubs. The reverse is true. Having the right style, size, and weight will make the difference for your game. Before deciding on any club, however, you should consult your instructor on your needs.

    Callaway Rogue

    Callaway Rogue

    We’ve pulled together information on some of the best golf clubs for men. Be sure to check out specs, read reviews, and ask the pros about any others they might recommend.


    This driver from Titleist offers a combination of classic style and modern technology for your golf play. The weight in the sole allows for adjustment that promotes draw, and the angled shape of the head helps to prevent spin.

    Titleist 917D2/D3

    Titleist 917D2/D3

    TaylorMade M3

    TaylorMade M3



    The TaylorMade M3 is perfect for mid and low handicap players looking for maximum adjustability and cutting-edge technology. This driver is a game-changer because of the technology in the Y track, which allows precise placement of the weight, front to back and side to side.

    The M3 is a serious power hitter that helps off-center hits fly towards the fairway more often with other drivers.

    PXG 0311T


    Golf Digest ranks this particular club as one of the best on the market. The weights in this iron work great for that off-center-hit stability you’re looking for in an iron. It also looks pretty cool.

    PXG 0311T




    The Odyssey EXO 7 is a large, but not too large, putter. It’s easy to see and keep to your line with this putter, and helps using this club feel automatic.

     

    Experts have used it, and some said it felt like their ball was on rails, headed straight to the hole, staying aligned with the direction in which the putter sent it.

    Odyssey EXO 7

    Odyssey EXO 7

    The Odyssey EXO 7 also offers seamless transition to the bag, and has consistent distance control.

    Best Golf Clubs for Women

    Callaway Women’s XR OS Hybrid/Irons

    Callaway Women’s XR OS Hybrid/Irons



    This iron for women is designed with a larger head to enable the golfer to hit balls from a variety of lies. Some golfers have stated that the club has dramatically improved their shot.  The driver offers high forgiveness, and incredible launch, which means a greater distance on your shots.

    This beautiful driver from Ping is designed specifically to maximum performance for those with a slower swing. The Rhapsody is lightweight and forgiving, and drives a powerful launch.

     

    Off-center strikes are no issue for this club, and offers a variety of settings. The carefully placed ridges on the driver reduce drag, and increase speed.

    Callaway Women’s XR OS Hybrid/Irons

    Ping Women’s Rhapsody Driver

    TaylorMade Women’s 2017 M2 Rescue

    The M2 Rescue for women is specifically designed to allow players to replace a long iron with a more draw-based performance hybrid club. Deemed as having exceptional feel and sound, this beauty can help improve your game through its unique engineering and geometric design.

    TaylorMade Women’s 2017 M2 Rescue

    Finding Your Best Gold Clubs

    If you’re buying some clubs for yourself or a loved one, these drivers, putters, irons, and woods should do the trick. The pros love them, and amateur golfers believe these clubs have improved their games.

     

    Be sure to check with your instructors or long-time golfing friends before purchasing a new set of clubs to learn your exact needs, then go have some fun looking at the reviews. You’ll find the right clubs in no time.

    Dream Meanings: 7 Common Dreams and What They Mean

    Dream Meanings: 7 Common Dreams and What They Mean

    People have been fascinated with dream meanings for thousands of years. Ancient Egyptians wrote down their dreams and took them to priests who performed dream interpretations. The Ancient Greeks believed that dreams were omens of events to come. More recently, psychoanalysts thought that dreams held the secrets to a person’s mental health.

    Dreaming is one of the few things that all human beings have in common, regardless of age, race, gender, or political affiliation. We all dream. More than dreaming alone, many of us experience dreams about the same situations. Have you ever dreamed that you were forced to speak in front of your entire graduating class while naked? That you were being chased by an unknown-but-terrifying creature?

    Is it All New-Age, Hocus Pocus?

    Interpreting dream meanings has a long history, even the Christian Bible speaks of kings having their dreams interpreted. The more modern approach to dream interpretation actually came from the field of psychology.

    According to one of the earliest proponents of interpreting dream meanings, Sigmund Freud, dreams are wishes in disguise and serve as the fulfillment of that wish, a repressed wish, or an infantile wish. There must be something to these common dreams shared by so many people across time, distance, and culture. Below are seven of the most commonly reported dream scenarios, along with the possible dream meanings behind them.

    Dream Meanings: Dreaming of Falling

    Dream Meanings - Falling is a common nightmare.

    Image: CC0, by doctor-a, via Pixabay

    You’re falling fast asleep, safe and comfortable in your toasty warm bed. All is well and good. The next thing you know, you’re jerking awake in a panic after dreaming of a sudden fall. Whether you dream of plummeting from a tall building or merely missing one of the porch steps, dreams of falling are jarring and unpleasant for most people. But what do they mean?

    The meaning:

    The one thing all forms of falling have in common is that the person doing the falling has ultimately no control over where they will land. This suggests a feeling of losing control in one’s waking life. Dreams of falling could represent feelings of powerlessness and loss of control over yourself, your career, or your life in general. If you frequently dream about falling, it may be time to take control of the areas of life you feel insecure about. Climb into the driver’s seat and make some powerful decisions about your life.

    Dreaming of Being Chased

    It is easy to forget that human beings once lived a life where being chased by predators was a real possibility. Perhaps that flight instinct still resides in us all, triggered by the anxieties of our over-scheduled lives. Regardless of the cause, dreams of being chased are rarely a pleasant experience. In fact, they can be downright terrifying. Being chased isn’t only a common dream, it’s also considered one of the most widely reported nightmare themes for both children and adults.

    The meaning:

    It is generally believed that there is a common theme behind dreams of being chased: avoidance. Whether it’s a relationship that has gone south, a dead end job, or an ignored health concern, you’re running from something. Deal with your problems head-on, no matter how scary they seem. Dealing with a few intimidating issues in your waking life could provide some much needed quality sleep, minus the nightmares.

    Dreaming of Water or Drowning

    Dream Meanings for Water

    Image: CC0, by Martinstr, via Pixabay

    Perhaps you’ve always lived in the desert, yet you still find yourself dreaming of a vast blue sea. Dreams of large bodies of water are incredibly common. There are many possible variations that can result in a very serene and pleasant sleep experience or a rather frightening one. Dreaming of canoeing across a lake with your angelic, departed grandmother is one thing. Floating alone in a deep blue ocean as far as the eye can see, gasping for air as your arms give out and you sink below the salty surface is quite another. But, is there any difference in meaning between the two?

    The meaning:

    The state of the water in your dream may be able to tell you the most about its meaning. Is the water calm and still or violent and turbulent? It is a warm, comfortable temperature or is it scalding hot or freezing? Water is thought to represent the unconscious mind. A pleasant dream about calm, flowing water can be a great sign that everything is moving in the right direction. You’re not currently worried about any troubles on the horizon. On the other hand, if you’re dreaming about being tossed around in a violent storm at sea, capsizing, and then drowning, that’s an entirely different story. This suggests intense stress and the feeling that you are drowning in your circumstances in life, unable to find a life preserver to hold onto.

    Dream Meanings: Dreaming of Flying

    Maybe it’s a bird, maybe it’s a plane, maybe it’s a dream. Who hasn’t had a dream about flying a time or two? Most commonly seen in men and children, the ability to fly is a theme that has been revisited in dreamland by many people throughout their lives.

    The meaning:

    Flying is a theme that is quite easy to assign meaning to. What is the freest, most unburdened creature you can think of? A bird, of course. Birds soar above the trees whenever they want to, without a care or restraint in the world. Has the same ever been said about a person? Flying represents freedom. Flying in your dreams can mean that you long to let go of the daily pressures and obligations you face and be free to do as you please. It’s a wonder every person on earth hasn’t dreamed of flying at one time or another.

    Dreaming of Pregnancy or Childbirth

    Dream Meanings: Birth and pregnancy are common dreams.

    Image: CC0, by Daniel Reche, via Pixabay

    Dreaming about pregnancy or giving birth is, of course, incredibly common among pregnant women. More surprising is the fact that these dreams are widely reported by people who are not pregnant, including men. Imagine being a middle-aged man, falling asleep in your sensible flannel pajamas, only to be awakened by a rather vivid dream depicting you giving birth to a set of twin baby girls. A bit of a rude awakening.

    The meaning:

    As usual, dreams about pregnancy and childbirth are rarely literal. Instead, giving birth in a dream can represent a new idea or opportunity in your life. Have you recently considered starting a new business or writing a book? Your ideas are your babies. If you’re dreaming about giving birth, it’s likely that you have some big ideas on the horizon and they could potentially change your life as much as an actual baby.

    Dreaming of Losing Teeth

    Another unpleasant but surprisingly common dream is one in which your teeth suddenly fall out, break off, or crumble in decay. Especially popular among menopausal women, this is one dream situation that can be particularly unsettling. Depending on how graphic your dream is, you may be in for some bloody, rotten imagery that will likely stick with you throughout your day.

    The meaning:

    Our teeth are obviously a huge part of our appearance. Unlike a tattoo, a scar, or a stained shirt, you can’t hide your teeth. Dreaming about damaged or missing teeth screams of a sense of insecurity regarding physical appearance. If you’ve been feeling a little sensitive lately about a recent weight gain or the ramifications of aging, this dream is no surprise. It may be time to take care of yourself and soothe some of your concerns about your health and appearance.

    Dream Meanings, Dreaming of Being Naked in Public

    Dream Meanings Naked

    Image: CC0, by kilhh, via Pixabay

    You’re giving a speech, leading a meeting, or rushing to a first date. Everything is fine and dandy until you suddenly realized that your clothes are missing. You stand there, helpless and humiliated, while everyone forms a circle around you to point and laugh hysterically at your expense. As universal as it may be, dreaming of being exposed to a crowd of people is a tough pill to swallow.

    The meaning:

    Clothes are made to conceal us. Without clothes, we are completely revealed and vulnerable. Dreaming of being nude in front of other people is a sure sign of feeling exposed emotionally. The fear of rejection and anxiety that most people experience when opening up completely to another human is intense. It is no surprise that these feelings can manifest themselves in the form of dreams of humiliation.

    Dreams are one of the most fascinating phenomena we share, as a species. Take some time to think about your dream meanings, what they may represent, and the context of your life and feelings at the time. Keeping a dream journal to tie your emotions to your dreams may help you to eventually create a personal dream dictionary to understand yourself, your life, and your dream meanings a bit better.

     

    Featured Image: CC0, by C_Scott via Pixabay, altered