Sonic FX Toothbrush Review: What You Need to Know

Sonic FX Toothbrush Review: What You Need to Know

Dental hygiene has come a long way since early man picked up a stick, chewed the end, and used the frayed edges to clean his teeth. The toothbrush has been a loyal instrument in the battle against tooth decay and bad breath and did the best it could to whiten teeth. Now, sonic toothbrushes provide game changing interventions in dental hygiene. We randomly selected a few sonic toothbrushes and compared them in this Sonic FX toothbrush review.

What Are Sonic Toothbrushes?

Sonic toothbrushes come with rechargeable batteries and provide a medium to high-range power source that vibrates brush heads affixed to ergonomically shaped handles.

Sonic toothbrushes can vibrate between 24,000 and 40,000 times per minute. These high-speed vibrations are considered superior to electric toothbrushes that use less power to rotate and oscillate the brush head. Since electric toothbrushes can only provide between 2,500 and 8,000 strokes per minute, sonic technology provides the superior cleaning.

What Do We Want Sonic Toothbrushes to Do?

We know it sounds like a no-brainer, but we expect sonic toothbrushes to do a better job at their intended purpose than the manual toothbrush; and certainly better than our ancestors’ stick with one end frayed.

Mechanical Scrubbing

The main action of any toothbrush is to scour the scum, food, and plaque off of our teeth and tongue. But we discovered a long time ago that the mouth can never be sterilized, which means that there are bacteria that are doing their dirty work even while we are brushing our teeth.

These bacteria give us bad breath and erode our teeth along with all of the acids and alcohols we pour in; but they are also responsible for a top reason why we lose our teeth: gingivitis and gum disease.

Our Sonic FX toothbrush review found that extensive studies were done during the beginning days of sonic toothbrushes to compare toothbrushes using gingival inflammation as a measuring stick.

Colonial Invaders

The bacteria that hang out in our mouths colonize dental plaque. Over time, these familiar bacteria evolve into strains that serve to infect and erode teeth and gums. Inflammation builds up over time, and time is a factor: the longer plaques remain in the mouth, the more inflammation and the more damage it does.

The advantage that the sonic toothbrush has over an electric and manual toothbrush is its ability to disrupt those colonies with rapid vibration.

Sonic Toothbrush Technology

Our Sonic FX toothbrush review revealed that sonic toothbrush technology works in two ways. First, it works through the obvious, physical scrubbing of teeth and gums. The second method of cleaning is an indirect method.

Fluid that is in the user’s mouth—water and saliva—is intensely vibrated along with the bristles to shake or agitate food particles and plaque that are in places the brush does not physically touch.

When Did Sonic Toothbrushes Arrive?

We remember when the electric toothbrush replaced the manual toothbrush, but it seems like one day we went to our medicine cabinet and our electric toothbrush had morphed into a sonic toothbrush.

The sonic toothbrush arrived in 1992 after years of research and creating prototypes. Perhaps we didn’t notice when our toothbrushes changed because essentially the only difference between an electric toothbrush and a sonic toothbrush is stroke speed and vibration versus motion and oscillation.

What Is the Sonic FX Toothbrush?

The Sonic FX toothbrush is a high-powered, rechargeable toothbrush that effectively cleans your teeth by using up to an average of 31,000 strokes per minute to directly brush teeth and gums and to indirectly agitate and remove food and plaque and hard-to-reach places.

Product Specs

Our Sonic FX toothbrush review found that this product comes with a 3/8 inch by 3/4 inch interdental head that cleans hard-to-reach spots. This high-powered toothbrush is capable of 33,000 strokes a minute. It comes with a two-minute timer to shut off once the optimal brushing time is reached.

How It Compares

For our Sonic FX toothbrush review, we picked a few similar products available on the market to see how they compare.

Sonic FX Toothbrush

Sonic FX toothbrushes have the advanced technology that provides an easy, ergonomically correct method to brush away plaque and give a deep clean. Replacing the brush head is simple with a twist and lock mechanism.

Battery life

This product comes with a rechargeable lithium ion battery that can last three weeks on a full charge when used to two times a day.

Design Quality

The Sonic FX toothbrush comes with a three second alert to remind you to move it to another quadrant of the mouth. A long-lasting battery makes this ideal for travel. It comes with 3 speeds, including a massage speed for the gums. A proprietary brush head design is provided with long outer bristles to reach between the teeth to brush away hidden food and plaque.


The Sonic-FX warranty period is for 90 days and begins on the date of purchase.


  • Results impress dentists
  • Quick acclimatizing to high intensity vibrations
  • Brush heads are inter-compatible with other models


  • Pressure sensor is limited
  • Breaks easily
  • Relatively old technology

Where to Buy

Philips Sonicare ProtectiveClean 6100

This product claims whiter teeth in just one week versus the manual toothbrush. The pressure sensor protects teeth and gums from excessive brushing pressure. The Philips comes with three intensity settings for maximum comfort, and there is a head replacement reminder on every device.

This product also provides an ergonomically correct shape and design to sweep away food particles and plaque and give you an effective and gentle cleaning experience. This device is suitable for users with braces, fillings, crowns, and veneers.

Battery life

The 110 – 220 volt rechargeable battery provides two weeks of use. A battery charge light indicator informs the user when it’s time to recharge.

Design Quality

This sonic toothbrush comes with three modes and three intensities. The clean mode is for optimum cleaning. The white mode is designed to remove surface stains. The gum care mode provides a massaging action with a reduced power of brushing. It comes with a premium travel case.


This product comes with a 24-month warranty that begins at the date of purchase.


• Results impress dentists
• Quieter than other brands
• Slim handle


• Pressure sensor frequently defective
• Breaks easily
• Doesn’t provide acceptable vibration

Where to Buy

Waterpik Sensonic Professional SR3000

This product features state-of-the-art sonic technology with a filament speed that is 25% faster than other models. This comes with a two-minute timer and a three-second quadrant pacer to prevent over-brushing.

This toothbrush comes with an ergonomically designed handle that facilitates manual dexterity. Three brush heads and two speed settings have options for everyone. It features a hygienic brush head cover and a premium travel case.

Battery Life

This device comes with a lithium ion battery. It also comes with a recharge indicator gauge. A full charge will last for approximately one week of twice daily brushing at 2 minutes per episode.

Design Quality

The advanced brush head design is extra soft with rounded bristles that provide gentle cleaning yet removes plaque from hard-to-reach areas. This device comes with three brush heads; standard, compact and interdental. There are two speeds for gentle cleaning or maximum plaque removal.


This product comes with a two-year warranty.


• Results impress dentists
• Sonicare reputation is accurate
• Provides economic timing device


• Inconsistent battery life
• No travel pouch
• Requires currency conversion

Where To Buy

Our Sonic FX Toothbrush Review Conclusion

Our Sonic FX toothbrush review resulted in the decision to award first-place status to the Sonic FX toothbrush. All of these toothbrushes do essentially the same thing. They provide various brush heads that are affixed to an ergonomically designed handle. The handle sits in the charging station and provides varying lengths of standard service prior to requiring a recharge. Sonic FX can deliver up to three weeks of life on one charge with regular use.

We like being notified when we need to move to a different quadrant or when we’ve had our two-minute optimal brush time; we are often not awake in the morning and are tired in the evening, so our minds are not often on our mouths! Sonic FX only provides a 90-day warranty, but it is also the least expensive sonic toothbrush in our Sonic FX toothbrush review. We can live with that.

We all like high-tech and new techie-like things, but the Sanyei ION-Sei is not so innovative that it justifies a four-star price rating and no information regarding the warranty until you buy. In addition to the price, the Sanyi can only be purchased from Amazon’s United Kingdom site. While in the global economy it’s no problem to purchase items from other countries, we believed we could find something just as good, if not better, at home without having to pay a currency conversion fee or pay attention to shipping.

As for the Waterpik Sensonic, it is true that Waterpik is a high-quality product with a well-deserved reputation. Our Sonic FX toothbrush review discovered however, that at present it can only be purchased from Amazon’s Canadian website. We like it that it’s closer to home; but there is still the fact that it has a five-star price rating; making it the most expensive in our Sonic FX toothbrush review.

There will also be a currency conversion fee and probable special arrangements need to be made for shipping and delivery. As well, we read that the warranty will be rendered void if the toothbrush is shipped outside of Canada.

Our Sonic FX toothbrush review determined that all sonic toothbrushes were easy to use. We didn’t find an acceptable rationale to spend more money on devices that do essentially the same thing, so the winner was Sonic FX. The real reward is that our winner is cheap enough so that we can afford a water flosser!

5 Things You Should Know About Bitcoin

5 Things You Should Know About Bitcoin

Cryptocurrencies have erupted over the past year.


These currencies are nothing new.


For years, people used these coins to trade goods and services (mostly illegal drugs) on the Dark Web in places like the late Silk Road.


Those days are gone, dozens of new cryptocurrencies emerge every day.


While many people rushed to purchase crypto when the Bitcoin price skyrocketed in November, most don’t understand the risk and many other factors.


As the price crashes, many people find themselves asking “wait, what is Bitcoin (BC) and how does it work?” It’s too late for some of them. Advocates will tell you now is the time to buy – but is it?


Here’s what you should know about the Bitcoin value, Ethereum price, and cryptocurrencies in general.


  1. What Is Bitcoin Exactly?

BC is what’s known as a cryptocurrency. Unlike traditional monies, BC and other cryptocurrencies are decentralized (well, kind of) through the use of technology called blockchain.


Blockchain is an interesting system created by a notorious – and elusive – figure named Satoshi Nakamoto. No one knows much about Satoshi or if he (?) really exists. It’s generally understood that Satoshi is, rather, a concept for the group of people who created blockchain.


Confused yet? It gets worse.


Blockchain is a series of blocks or digital records which are all linked in some way. Cryptography ensures these blocks stay secure through a special form of encryption.


Crypto-currency: get it? What is Bitcoin? A specific type of cryptocurrency secured using blockchain technology.


  1. Where Does Bitcoin Value Come From?

That’s a great question. Unfortunately, there isn’t one correct answer.


Crypto advocates will tell you that since BC is independent from the global dollar system, it’s value is determined by this decentralized network: users determine the value.


This is somewhat true, but what defines value?


In one sense, the only value that BC holds is as a method of exchange.


But what is being exchanged? Traditional fiat currencies which you’ve acquired through labor and other methods – all of which rely on the global dollar system for their value.


There are two ways to acquire BC and cryptocurrencies: purchase them with “real” money, or mine it. In order to mine BC, you need a heavy-duty computer system that solves complex puzzles (this is an over simplification).


Most people purchase BC with their country’s traditional currency. Although advocates tout crypto as a competitor to the global dollar system, these currencies are measured against fiat like the U.S. dollar. Plus, in order to purchase crypto, you need a standard bank account to transfer funds.


In fact, cryptocurrencies are very reliant on governments and economies for determining their number values. When governments impose regulations or large corporations announce they will accept BC, this makes the value fluctuate – and drastically.


  1. Beyond Just Bitcoin Price: Transaction Fees are Completely Unaffordable for Both Users and Businesses

If you’ve never purchased Ethereum, BC, Litecoin, or any other cryptocurrency, you may not realize how much it actually costs.


An average transaction fee costs $28 – average.


Want to upload fiat funds to your digital wallet? Pay a fee. Want to purchase BC with funds from your digital wallet? Pay another fee. Is it time to sell because the price skyrocketed? Yep, another fee.


Cryptocurrency exchanges like Coinbase charge a lot of money for moving even small amounts of monies. In many respects, this is holding back potential progress in the industry.


It’s almost impossible for businesses to offer cryptocurrencies as a payment method for this reason.


  1. Think Income Inequality is Bad? The Cryptocurrency World Isn’t Better

In the “real world,” 1% of the population control more wealth than the entire 99% combined. In the cryptocurrency world, 1,000 people control 40% of all BC. Keep in mind that it’s difficult to calculate exact figures for inequality so this is more of an estimate.


This inequality doesn’t help the argument that BC is “decentralized.”


Combined with other factors, those 1,000 people can drastically influence the value of cryptocurrencies. If all 1,000 decided to sell everything tomorrow, the price would plummet. This would leave folks who invested their last $500 (or sold their home to purchase BC) out in the cold.


  1. The Ethereum Price is Low, Could This Make You Money?

Perhaps. Ethereum is one of the up-and-comers of the cryptocurrency world along with BC Cash and Litecoin.


If the Ethereum price is low, you could buy a little, but don’t invest your life’s savings. At the time of writing this, Ethereum costs $530 – down about 40% for the month.


If you’re looking to make money in crypto, you’re better off buying something like Ethereum and riding it out. However, there are dozens of cryptocurrencies: nearly every state government and major company is developing their own.


Deciding which one to purchase is just as much – if not more – risky than the traditional stock market.


Invest wisely, just don’t lose your home.

What Are the Top Emojis and Where Did They Come From?

What Are the Top Emojis and Where Did They Come From?

Believe it or not, people are very interested in studying the science of emojis.


What are the top emojis? What are emojis anyways?


The history of emojis dates back a few decades to the advent of modern computers.


Now, Twitter has emoji support and you can even use animated or “live” emojis in your texts.


Let’s look at how we got here and where emojis are going.


What Are Emojis and Where Did They Come From?

Many people think that emojis are the advanced versions of emoticons. This logic makes sense: as the world transitioned to smart phones and high-tech devices, it was only a matter of time before emoticons got a fresh makeover.


However, this isn’t the case. In fact, emojis and emoticons have two very different histories. What is an emoji and where did they come from?



Emoticons use punctuation marks to represent feelings or facial expressions.


A computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University, Scott Fahlman, is the first known person to type an emoticon back in 1982. What did Scott type? “: – )” and “: – (” These are what’s known as ASCII emoticons.


However, other researchers believe the first recorded emoticon dates back even further to PLATO computer systems in 1972. These emoticons were actually much more advanced than the versions that Scott would type in the early 80s. They included small pixelated formations of animals, faces, aliens, and objects – and dozens of them.


Scotts emoticons looked a lot more primitive than what the developers at PLATO came up with.


While Western countries would type their emoticons sideways for the next three decades or so, the Japanese quickly advanced in 1986. This is when kaomojis were born. These are somewhat unsettling to users who have only experienced sideways emoticons and emojis because they are very wide and strange.


You’re probably most familiar with the shrug: ¯\_(ツ)_/¯.


The creepy ones, however, are called “Lenny:” ( ͡⚆ل͜ ͡⚆) and ( ͡◉◞ ͜ʖ◟ ͡◉)


Anyways, we were stuck with using these to express our emotions through text for nearly 30 years.


What Is an Emoji Exactly?

That’s when emojis finally came along. What is an emoji exactly?


The emojis we now know and love (or hate) surfaced in 1999 when they were first included in Japanese phones. They wouldn’t make an impact though until 2010 when they became fairly standard on mobile operating systems.


These are very different than typographic expressions because they are little images instead of typeface: just click a button and you have an emotion to express yourself.


As more and more people only communicate through text messages and emails, emojis have become vital for expressing sadness, content, joy, and a broad range of other emotions. In the past few years, emojis have advanced drastically to include nearly every country’s flag and just about any activity you can possibly imagine.


Not only that, but several emojis have double meanings (this blog won’t cover the dirty ones).


  • Nail painting emoji: Painting your nails OR gleefully apathetic
  • Frog emoji: Actual frog OR calling someone ugly OR smugness (especially when combined with coffee emoji)
  • Coffee emoji: Drinking coffee OR smugness
  • Skull emoji: Laughing so hard you died (has anyone ever used this one for face value?)
  • Fire emoji: Actual fire OR something is awesome


How to Use Live Emojis

Due to their popularity, emojis get yet another upgrade this year: animated or live emojis. You’ll first see these new emojis on the updated iPhone operating systems.


You now have a few live emojis to choose from such as a lion, bear, skull, unicorn, and even poop. Why they chose to start with animals and creatures instead of faces no one will know. Maybe it’s because of how live emojis are used: the facial recognition system transforms the emoji to express your actual emojis like an animated avatar.


Did they think expressing yourself through animals was less creepy than a yellow blob? Maybe, but it’s still weird.


Whatever expressions you make, the live emoji will follow. You can also use the live emojis for singing karaoke.


The Top Emojis of 2018 (Tracking Twitter Emoji Use)

Everyone has their favorite, but what are the top emojis?


To celebrate World Emoji Day (July 17th), Emojipedia decided to look at the top emojis used across Twitter. A Twitter emoji is easier to track and pull data. It’s probably impossible (and illegal) to track emoji use across text messages and cell phones.


So, what’s the top emoji? If you guessed crying laughing you’re right.


Unbelievably, poop emoji also ranks in a top spot. Other favorites include heart eyes, red heart, grinning face, smiling face with sunglasses, party popper, smiling face with smiling eyes, and thumbs up. As far as top emojis in the object category go, coffee wins hands down.

Is Oymyakon, Siberia the Coldest Place on Earth?

Is Oymyakon, Siberia the Coldest Place on Earth?

Spring is coming.


Fortunately, that means warmer weather is on the way if you live in certain parts of the world like the United States.


For those living in these places, however, that’s not the case.


How cold is it there? Well, in portions of this remote region, the ground never thaws – and it hasn’t in ages.


If the temperature outside is cold and you’re dreaming of sunshine, just be thankful you’re not living in the coldest place on earth.


Here’s what life is like in Oymyakon, Siberia and other places where the air hurts your face.


What Is Temperature in the Coldest Place on Earth?

Oymyakon is an extremely remote village tucked away in the Russia’s Siberia region. The entire region is known for its harsh weather but this town gets the short end of the already short stick.


Temperatures in this town average about fifty degrees Fahrenheit below zero in the dead of winter. Yes: -50ºF on average.


But negative 50 is the average winter temperature. How cold is it at its coldest?


Record temps in this town have reached a terrifying -96.16ºF.


What’s Life Like in Oymyakon and Siberia?

Believe it or not, the name Oymyakon actually means “unfrozen water” in Even: one of the Siberian region’s indigenous languages. Although there’s a thermal spring nearby, it’s hard to tell when you’re too focused on your glasses sticking to your face.


That makes this village – or selo in Russian – the coldest continuously inhabited place on earth. Most of the people who live here are Yakutians who have lived in Siberia for generations. Some Russians also live here, too.


Although they’re very short, the summers range between 60ºF and 70ºF. On a hot day, it might hit 90ºF. Not too bad, right?


The warm bursts of weather don’t do much for agriculture. Since the ground never thaws, locals mostly sustain themselves on meat.


Because this town is so remote, the population is very small. The province’s capital, Yaktusk, is a little more populated. This village, however, is extremely isolated: there’s only one shop and gas station that stays open throughout the winter.


Top 10 Coldest Places: How Cold Is It Exactly?

Now that you have an idea of what life is like in the coldest place on earth, let’s take a look at some of the world’s top 10 coldest places.


Pack your fur (or faux fur) coats and lots of ski masks before planning a trip to any of these places. They’re definitely beautiful, but very painful.


  1. Snag, Yukon, Canada

The coldest recorded temp in Snag, Yukon reached -80ºF in 1947. This is a very small village in Canada where only a handful of First Nation indigenous people live. Most of them work at the local airport or as weather observers – how appropriate.


  1. North Ice, Greenland

The lowest recorded temperature in North Ice hit -86ºF in 1954. Unsurprisingly, British Commander James Simpson founded this landmark as a research station. Although it is no longer operational, its sister station was South Ice in Antartica.


  1. Oymyakon, Russia

Yes, this remote village is only number eight on the list. Why is it listed as the coldest place on earth? Because it’s continuously inhabited. You’ll notice most of these other locations are research stations. But then again, someone needs to conduct the research, right?


  1. Klinck Research Station, Greenland

At its coldest point in history, the temp dropped below -92.92ºF. This research station stays open year-round.


  1. Verkhoyansk, Russia

Russia has a lot of cold places – and most of them are in the Siberian region. Verkhoyansk is no different. Just over 1,000 people live in this remote town. Not only is this one of the coldest places, but Verkhoyansk holds the Guinness World Record for the greatest temperature range: up to 189ºF.


  1. Denali Alaska

Yes, Denali is absolutely beautiful, but it’s extremely cold. The lowest recorded number ranks at -100.84ºF. If you want to take a hike here, come prepared: it’s one of the seven most difficult summits in the entire world.


  1. Dome Argus, Antarctic Plateau

-116.5ºF is this location’s record temperature. As an ice dome in Antartica, this isn’t surprising.


  1. Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica

Get ready for lots of frigid temps and not much activity. The Amundsen-Scott South Poll has dropped below -117.4ºF at its coldest point.


  1. Vostok Research Station, Antarctica

The lowest temp here once reached −128.6 °F. Don’t worry, the average summer temp is a sweltering −125.4 °F so pack your swimsuit.


  1. Dome Fuji, Antarctica

Here it is: the coldest place on the planet. This place recently hit its record -135.76°F in 2010.


Would You Live in the Coldest Place on Earth?

Life isn’t easy in these places. Good luck getting your car to start in the morning. Getting a flat tire could be a death sentence.


Although winters are tough in many places, just be glad you don’t live in Siberia.

Who Is the Royal Family and What Do They Do?

Who Is the Royal Family and What Do They Do?

When people in the West talk about THE royal family, they’re usually referring to the British monarchy – not the Jordanian or Saudi monarchies.


At the same time, England’s royalty has a very close – and long – relationship with the Saudi royals and other monarchies throughout the world.


But who is the Duchess of Cambridge? Kate Middleton? What about Megan Markle?


Let’s take a look.


Who Is the Royal family and What Do They Actually Do?

Sustaining a royal family isn’t a cheap undertaking.


Once you factor security and living arrangements, the British royals cost about $307 million each year and this number tends to rise quite a bit annually. This money comes out of citizens’ pockets in the form of taxes.


Some argue that this is a minor inconvenience due to the large revenue from tourism. Indeed, people flock from all around the world to see Buckingham Palace and the royal grounds. Royal births and weddings are huge tourist booms for the U.K.


The Duchess of Cambridge aka. Kate Middleton aka. Princess Kate

Kate Middleton is known throughout the world as the official Duchess of Cambridge. It’s possible that Princess Kate could see the ultimate throne in her lifetime because her husband, Prince William, is second in line to become king.


The Duchess of Cambridge is an international fashion icon triggering what’s known as “the Kate Middleton effect” due to her refined style. This earned Princess Kate a slot on Time’s list of the “100 Most Influential People in the World” in both 2012 and 2013. Kate is currently expecting her third child with the Duke of Cambridge.


Megan Markle

Born and raised in Los Angeles, actress Megan Markle is engaged to wed Prince Harry this spring. Although she isn’t a member of the family yet, Megan Markle made headlines after announcing her engagement due to her race. Her father is white and her mother is a descendent of enslaved African Americans in Georgia.


Her soon-to-be husband is fifth in line for the throne. They’ve been in a loving relationship since 2016 but kept things private for the first six months.


Prince William

Prince William is second in line for the throne – just behind his father, Charles. After graduating from the prestigious University of St. Andrews, Prince William spent a gap year hanging out in Chile, Belize, and various parts of Africa.


He’s spent his fair share of time serving in the Royal Air Force and British Army where he trained as a cadet and helicopter pilot respectively. When Prince William isn’t taking part in royal duties like speaking on behalf of the kingdom, he often plays polo or football.


Prince Harry

Prince Harry spent his gap year in Lesotho and Australia before training at the Royal Military Academy and entering the Blues and Royals. In fact, Prince Harry actually served in Afghanistan’s Helmand province for ten weeks before an Australian magazine blew his cover.


This prince is very active in many organizations and foundations. He launched the Invictus Games in 2014 and actively participates in Walking with The Wounded and the HALO Trust.


Queen Elizabeth II

Born in 1926, Queen Elizabeth II has seen her fair share of world events. She became the world’s oldest monarch after Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah died in 2015.


In 2011, Queen Elizabeth II became the first British Monarch to visit the Republic of Ireland since the country gained independence from the kingdom in 1922. In addition to Ireland’s independence, this queen has seen several portions of the British monarchy fall throughout Africa and Asia.


Queen Elizabeth II fell in love with her husband, Prince Phillip of Greece and Denmark, at the age of 13. The two officially became engaged in 1947.


Prince Phillip

Prince Phillip is married to the British Queen. His family was exiled from Greece when Prince Phillip was just a baby. Later in life, during World War II, Prince Phillip served the kingdom with the British Royal Navy in the Mediterranean and Pacific regions.


There’s More Than One Royal Family

Although the United Kingdom’s royal family tends to get the most attention, several royal families exist throughout the world. Wherever there’s a monarchy, you’ll find a royal family.


No one seems to make more waves throughout the world than the Saudi royals. This family is notorious for their lavish lifestyles, and unruly or often criminal behavior. One Saudi princess recently had a French arrest warrant issued in her name for ordering a body guard to assault an interior decorator in Paris.


Additional royal families live in Bahrain, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Papua New Guinea, Jamaica, Japan, Morocco, Thailand, Sweden, and several other countries in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia.